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The Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA) is the largest marine protected area in the Pacific Ocean. As part of the permitting process which enables us to work on Nikumaroro, we are required to submit a report to PIPA at the end of each expedition, describing what we did, what we saw, and including video and still images of the island and its environment. The report was delivered in person by Ric Gillespie on June 23, 2011, in Tarawa, and is published below. There are also numerous appendices which are published in the Analysis section.

to the
Phoenix Islands Protected Area Management Committee

Page 4.


186 artifacts were recovered of which 107 have been cataloged to date. For a list and short description see Appendix B: Niku VI Artifacts (partial). For list of artifacts from all expeditions see Appendix C: Earhart Project Artifacts.

Some of the broken glass artifacts show evidence of secondary use as tools for cutting or scraping. For a report by anthropologist Geoffrey Cunnar, Ph.D., see Appendix D: Examining Evidence for Secondary Use on Historic Glass Associated with the Possible Landing Site of Amelia Earhart and Fred Noonan on Nikumaroro Island.

Identification and analysis of dozens of artifacts are on-going.


Large numbers of fish and bird bones were collected in, or associated with, ash and charcoal deposits. Several hundred mollusk shells were collected as well as bones from at least one turtle.

For an analysis of the fish bones by anthropologist Sharyn Jones, Ph.D., Assistant Professor, Department of Anthropology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, see Appendix E: Report on Zooarchaeological Remains from the Seven Site, Nikumaroro, Phoenix Islands.

For an analysis of the bird bones by Sara L. Collins, Ph.D., Senior Archaeologist and Osteologist, Pacific Consulting Services, Inc., Honolulu, Hawaii, see Appendix F: Analysis of TIGHAR Faunal Materials.

For an analysis of the mollusk shells by Judith R. Amesbury of Micronesian Archaeological Research Services in Guam see Appendix H: An Analysis of Marine Mollusk Shells From the Seven Site, Nikumaroro Atoll, Phoenix Islands, Republic of Kiribati.

Possible Human Remains

Bone fragments that might be of human origin were collected and are being examined for DNA at the University of Oklahoma Molecular Anthropology Laboratories. Material collected in 2007 that appears to be dried fecal matter is also being tested. For a progress report on the testing by Cecil M. Lewis, Jr., Ph.D., see Appendix G: Earhart DNA Research Update.


Analyses of the artifacts, faunals and data collected during the expedition are on-going but, at this point, everything supports the hypothesis that the remains found at the site in 1940 were those of Amelia Earhart.

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